Breast cancer

About breast cancer

There are several types of breast cancer, which can develop in different parts of the breast. It can be diagnosed in different stages of development and can grow at different rates. Rarely, it can be diagnosed in men as well as women.

The Trust provides a screening, diagnostic and specific treatment service for breast cancer patients.

Breast Cancer Diagram

Types of breast cancer

Breast cancer types are often divided into non-invasive and invasive. The type of breast cancer diagnosed impacts upon what type of treatments are offered.

The most common types of breast cancer include:

  • Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) – DCIS breast cancer is non-invasive. This means that although there are breast cancer cells in the milk ducts, they are completely contained in this area and have not spread into surrounding breast tissue.
  • Invasive ductal breast cancer (IDC) – IDC breast cancer is the most common type of breast cancer. A ductal carcinoma of the breast is a cancer that started in the cells that line the ducts of the breasts and has begun to spread into the surrounding breast tissue.
  • Invasive lobular breast cancer (ILC) – ILC breast cancer occurs when cancer cells have started to grow within the breast lobules and then spread outside into the surrounding breast tissue.
  • Inflammatory breast cancer – inflammatory breast cancer is a rare, fast-growing type of breast cancer. Inflammatory breast cancer gets its name because the skin of the breast has a red, inflamed appearance.
  • Paget’s disease of the breast – Paget’s disease of the breast is an uncommon type of breast cancer that usually first shows as changes to the nipple area.

Rare types of breast cancer

Other rare types of breast cancer include:

  • Medullary breast cancer – medullary breast cancer is an invasive breast cancer and usually has a clear well defined border between the cancer and the surrounding breast tissue.
  • Mucinous breast cancer – this type of cancer is usually slower growing than other types of breast cancers and is less likely to spread to the lymph nodes.
  • Tubular breast cancer – tubular breast cancer is a rare type of breast cancer that starts inside the milk ducts and spreads into the surrounding breast tissue.
  • Malignant phyllodes tumour – phyllodes tumours are made up of a mixture of cells from connective (fibrous) tissue and the tissue layer (epithelium) that lines the breast.

The Trust offers rapid advice, diagnosis and treatment to patients displaying symptoms of a breast cancer and has a specialist breast team that will see you from referral from a GP or a breast screening service to diagnose and treat your breast cancer.

Our Cancer Services team is here to support you every step of the way.

This breast cancer section on our website takes you through your breast cancer pathway within the Trust and provides you with the information and support you will need throughout your journey.