Colorectal cancer

About colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer can also be referred to as bowel cancer, cancer of the colon or rectum (rectal cancer), depending on where the cancer starts.

The bowel is divided into the small bowel (small intestine) and the large bowel (colon and rectum). Most colorectal cancers develop in the innermost lining of the bowel and develop from small growths called polyps.

The Trust provides a screening, diagnostic and specific treatment service for colorectal cancer patients.

Colorectal Cancer Diagram

Types of colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer can develop in different areas of the digestive system:

  • the large bowel (colon) – colon cancer forms when uncontrolled cell growth begins within the cells in the large intestine
  • the back passage (rectal) – rectal cancer forms when uncontrolled cell growth begins within the rectal passage leading to the anus

Rarer types of colorectal cancer

  • anal – is a rare type of cancer that affects the very end of the large bowel (large intestine)
  • small bowel – cancer affecting the small intestine, or small bowel, which lies between the stomach and the colon, or large bowel

The Trust offers rapid advice, diagnosis and treatment to patients displaying symptoms of a colorectal cancer and has a specialist team that will see you from referral from a GP or bowel screening service to diagnose and treat your colorectal cancer.

Our Cancer Services team is here to support you every step of the way.

This colorectal cancer section on our website takes you through your colorectal cancer pathway within the Trust and provides you with the information and support you will need throughout your journey.